DOPING OFFENDER: Justin Gatlin is the biggest symbol of all the athletes competing in the Rio olympics who have failed a doping test in the past. The American sprinter has testet positive twice and he was suspended for four years the second time, from 2006 to 2010. Photo: AP / Marcio Jose Sanchez / NTB Scanpix
DOPING OFFENDER: Justin Gatlin is the biggest symbol of all the athletes competing in the Rio olympics who have failed a doping test in the past. The American sprinter has testet positive twice and he was suspended for four years the second time, from 2006 to 2010. Photo: AP / Marcio Jose Sanchez / NTB ScanpixVis mer

List of shame: Gatlin is just the tip of the iceberg - these are the 101 convicted doping cheats participating in Rio

Even without the banned Russian athletes, you don’t have to look far to spot an earlier doping offender at the Olympic Games in Rio.

(Dagbladet): The months leading up to the Rio Olympics have been littered with doping revelations.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has disqualified and banned a number of athletes after retesting their blood samples taken during the Olympic Games in Beijing 2008 and London 2012.

Despite all this, it is the McLaren report, which proved that Russian athletes have been part of a state sponsored doping program on a massive scale, that has shocked the world to it’s core.

The World Anti Doping Agency, Wada, wanted to ban Russia from the Olympics on the basis of the McLaren report, but wasn’t heard in the IOC. Instead, the IOC passed the decision making over to each individual sporting federation, a move that hasn’t left the IOC President Thomas Bach unscathed.

The International Associaton of Athletics Federation (IAAF), however, decided to ban all Russian athletes from the competitions, while other federations welcomed Russian participation.

When the number of Russian participants were counted late Thursday, 271 Russian athletes were cleared for competition in Rio. Despite all controversy, Russia will still hold one of the largest contingencies of the Olympic Games.

The Executive Committee in the IOC, backtracking from not banning Russia from the Olympics, has, however, decided to ban all Russian athletes who had previous convictions for doping violations.

Unfortunately, that decision is no guarantee that the rest of the 11 000 athletes competing in Rio are clean.

Dagbladet has cross checked all participating athletes in Rio with the official list of doping offenders, sanctioned in some form for their offence.

Barring athletes who were publicly warned, we found 101 athletes competing in Rio with a previous ban for doping violations. That amounts to one percent of the total number of athletes in the Olympics.

We cannot rule out that there are more.

This is the list of the athletes we found:

Bans ranging from one month to four years after a positive doping test:

Ahmad Hazer, Libya, Athletics, 2013

Alessandra Aguilar, Spain, Athletics, 2011

Alexandr Spac, Moldova, Weight Lifting, 2013

Alexandr Zaichikov, Kazakhstan, Weight Lifting, 2013

Andrea Baldini, Italy, fencing, 2008

Andres Silva, Uruguay, Athletics, 2015

Asafa Powell, Jamaica, Athletics, 2013

Bobby Lea, USA, Cycling, 2015

Briken Calja, Albania, Weight Lifting, 2013

Bruno de Barros, Brasil, Athletics, 2009

Darya Pachabut, Belarus, Weight Lifting, 2012

Daynara de Paula, Brasil, Swimming, 2010

Dimitrios Chondrokoukis, Greece, Athletics, 2012

Eric Lamaze, Canada, Equestrianism, 1996 and 2000

OFFENDER: Erik Tysse is due to compete for Norway in Rio, although he was suspended for two years, from 2010, after testing positive for EPO. Photo: Marit Hommedal / NTB Scanpix
OFFENDER: Erik Tysse is due to compete for Norway in Rio, although he was suspended for two years, from 2010, after testing positive for EPO. Photo: Marit Hommedal / NTB Scanpix Vis mer

Erik Tysse, Norway, Athletics, 2010

Esref Apak, Turkey, Athletics, 2013

Estela Garcia, Spain, Athletics, 2011

Femi Ogunode, Qatar, Athletics, 2012

Flavia Oliveira, Brasil, Cycling, 2009

Fränk Schleck, Luxembourg, Cycling, 2012

Frederick Bousquet, France, Swimming, 2010

Furkan Sen, Turkey, Athletics, 2013

Geno Petriashvili, Georgia, Wrestling, 2013

Gladys Tejeda, Peru, Athletics, 2015

Gor Minasyan, Armenia, Weight Lifting, 2013

Gurpreet Singh, India, Weight Lifting, 2010

Hamid Ezzine, Morocco, Athletics, 2009

Hugo Parisi, Brasil, Diving, 2013

Inderjeet Singh, India, Athletics, 2012

Inika Mcpherson, USA, Athletics, 2014

Iryna Dekha, Ukraine, Weight Lifting, 2013

Ivan Emilianov, Moldova, Athletics, 2011

Ivan Stevic, Serbia, Cycling, 2008

Ivan Tsikhan, Belarus, Athletics, 2012

Jamel Chatbi, Morocco, Athletics, 2009

Jan Sterba, Czech Republic, Canooing/Kayaking, 2012

Jiri Orsag, Czech Republic, Weight Lifting, 2013

Justin Gatlin, USA, Athletics, 2001 and 2006

Kuk Hyang Kim, North-Korea, Weight Lifting, 2012

LaShawn Merritt, USA, Athletics, 2009

OFFENDER: Spanish cyclist Alejandro Valverde was suspended for two years as part of the Operación Puerto blood doping investigation, but he returned to competition in 2012 upon completion of the ban. Photo: EPA / KENZO TRIBOUILLARD / NTB Scanpix
OFFENDER: Spanish cyclist Alejandro Valverde was suspended for two years as part of the Operación Puerto blood doping investigation, but he returned to competition in 2012 upon completion of the ban. Photo: EPA / KENZO TRIBOUILLARD / NTB Scanpix Vis mer

Laverne Jones-Ferrette, Virgin Islands, Athletics, 2010

Leevan Sands, Bahamas, Athletics, 2006

Luvo Manyonga, South-Africa, Athletics, 2012

Mads Glaesner, Denmark, Swimming, 2013

Man Asaad, Syria, Weight Lifting, 2010

Manoj Kumar, India, Boxing, 2012

Marcelo Melo, Brasil, Tennis, 2007

Marin Cilic, Croatia, Tennis, 2013

Mariya Ryemyen, Ukraine, Athletics, 2014

Martina Hingis, Switzerland, Tennis, 2007

Meryem Erdogan, Turkey, Athletics, 2012

Michal Balner, Czech Republic, Athletics, 2010

Muminjon Abdullaev, Uzbekistan, Wrestling, 2012

Nataliia Lupu, Ukraine, Athletics, 2014

Ning Zetao, China, Swimming, 2011

Oleksandr Pielieshenko, Ukraine, Weight Lifting, 2013

Ondrej Kruzel, Slovakia, Weight Lifting, 2012

Piotr Lisek, Poland, Athletics, 2012

Rasa Drazdauskaite, Lithuania, Athletics, 2003

Rosa Rodriguez, Venezuela, Athletics, 2010

Rui Costa, Portugal, Cycling, 2010

Sandra Perkovic, Croatia, Athletics, 2010

Sara Moreira, Portugal, Athletics, 2011

Sara Ramadhani, Tanzania, Athletics, 2014

Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, Jamaica, Athletics, 2010

Sohrab Moradi, Iran, Weight Lifting, 2013

Steven Lopez, USA, Taekwondo, 2006

Sukanya Srisurat, Thailand, Weight Lifting, 2011

Sun Yang, China, Swimming, 2014

Tahesia Harrigan-Scott, Virgin Islands, Athletics, 2011

Tameka Williams, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Athletics, 2012

Tatsiana Sharakova, Belarus, Cycling, 2012

Tsholofelo Thipe, South-Africa, Athletics, 2012

Tugce Sahutoglu, Turkey, Athletics, 2013

Tyson Gay, USA, Athletics, 2013

Vania Neves, Portugal, Swimming, 2009

Vasilisa Marzaliuk, Belarus, Wrestling, 2007

Viktor Troicki, Serbia, Tennis, 2013

Yelena Ryabova, Turkmenistan, Athletics, 2013

Yelyzaveta Bryzhina, Ukraine, Athletics, 2013

Yohan Blake, Jamaica, Athletics, 2009

Yu-fang Hsu, Taiwan, Athletics, 2011

Yuri van Gelder, Netherlands, Gymnastics, 2009

Yuliya Leantsiuk, Belarus, Athletics, 2008

Zalina Marghieva, Moldova, Athletics, 2013

Banned after failing to comply with the whereabouts rule:

Albert Subirats, Venezuela, Swimming, 2011

Christine Ohuruogu, UK, Athletics, 2006

Gregory Bauge, France, Cycling, 2010

Nicolas Marechal, France, Volleyball, 2010

Yong Dae Lee, South-Korea, Badminton, 2014

Athlete’s horse tested positive:

Andreas Ostholt, Germany, Equestrianism, 2005

Christian Ahlmann, Germany, Equestrianism

Isabell Werth, Germany, Equestrianism, 2009

Michael Whitaker, UK, Equestrinaism, 2009

Rene Tebbel, Ukraine (former Germany), Equstrianism, 2007

Shane Rose, Australia, Equestrianism, 2007

Banned for other violations of the doping regulations:

Alejandro Valverde, Spain, Cycling, 2010

Damiano Caruso, Italy, Cycling, 2010

Zoltan Kovago, Hungary, Athletics, 2012

Sources: dopinglist.com and Wikipedia.